ベラト~千の窓を持つ街

「千の窓を持つ街」とよばれ、どこを撮っても絵になる街です。
ベラト城の城内は、博物館と教会とおみやげやさん、ふつうの住居があり、生活感があふれていて楽しいです。

あ、ネコが・・・

ベラト城の城内へ・・おみやげやさんがいっぱい・・・

オノフリ・イコン博物館

城内のレストラン、サービスも味も抜群でした。


アルバニアの世界遺産は3つ、文化遺産が2つ、自然遺産が1つで、ここ「ベラトとジオカストラの歴史地区」について、ユネスコのサイトより引用いたします。ダイジェスト部分のみ日本語の表記がありました。

ギロカストラは、アルバニア南部のドリノス川流域の渓谷にある、大農場主によって造られた要塞都市。13世紀の城館が市の中心をなし、17世紀に確立したバルカンに特徴的な塔状家屋(ワーレ)も多く見られる。19世紀の初期から残るより精巧な城館は、高い土台のうえに立ち、1階は寒冷期用、2階は温暖期用に造られ、客間には、花模様の飾りなどのおびただしい装飾が施されている。このほか、市内には18世紀のモスクと2つの教会が残されており、堅牢な要塞都市に宗教的な彩を添えている。紀元前4世紀に起源をもつベラットには、13世紀のビザンチン様式の教会や城塞、15世紀以降に建てられたモスクを中心に、オスマン帝国時代の町並みが残る。1851年の大地震で倒壊した跡に建て替えられた家屋は下層階を元の石造りのままで上層階に木材を使った様式で独特な造り。

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

ベラットとギロカストラの歴史地区

Outstanding Universal Value

These two fortified historic centres are remarkably well preserved, and this is particularly true of their vernacular buildings. They have been continuously inhabited from ancient times down to the present day. Situated in the Balkans, in Southern Albania, and close to each other, they bear witness to the wealth and diversity of the urban and architectural heritage of this region.

Berat and Gjirokastra bear witness to a way of life which has been influenced over a long period by the traditions of Islam during the Ottoman period, while at the same time incorporating more ancient influences. This way of life has respected Orthodox Christian traditions which have thus been able to continue their spiritual and cultural development, particularly at Berat.

Gjirokastra was built by major landowners. Around the ancient 13th century citadel, the town has houses with turrets (the Turkish kule ) which are characteristic of the Balkans region. Gjirokastra contains several remarkable examples of houses of this type, which date from the 17th century, but also more elaborate examples dating from the early 19th century.

Berat bears witness to a town which was fortified but open, and was over a long period inhabited by craftsmen and merchants. Its urban centre reflects a vernacular housing tradition of the Balkans, examples of which date mainly from the late 18th and the 19th centuries. This tradition has been adapted to suit the town’s life styles, with tiered houses on the slopes, which are predominantly horizontal in layout, and make abundant use of the entering daylight.

Criterion (iii) : Berat and Gjirokastra bear outstanding testimony to the diversity of urban societies in the Balkans, and to longstanding ways of life which have today almost vanished. The town planning and housing of Gjirokastra are those of a citadel town built by notable landowners whose interests were directly linked to those of the central power. Berat bears the imprint of a more independent life style, linked to its handicraft and merchant functions.

Criterion (iv) : Together, the two towns of Gjirokastra and Berat bear outstanding testimony to various types of monument and vernacular urban housing during the Classical Ottoman period, in continuity with the various Medieval cultures which preceded it, and in a state of peaceful coexistence with a large Christian minority, particularly at Berat.

The overall integrity of the two towns is satisfactory, although this was adversely affected by illegal constructions in the late 1990s. Authenticity is also satisfactory, but preservation management must be stepped up and carefully enforced, in accordance with the highest international standards.

The management plan measures and the recently established coordination authority responsible for implementing the plan should encourage an active policy of preservation and conservation of the property’s Outstanding Universal Value, particularly as regards urban construction management and visitor facilities.